What is a Hernia?
A hernia is a condition in which part of the intestine bulges through a weak area in muscles in the abdomen. When the inside layers of the abdominal muscle have weakened, the result may be a bulge or tear of those muscles. This can allow a loop of intestine or abdominal tissue to push into the peritoneal sac. Hernias can develop due to heavy strain on the abdominal wall, aging, injury, an old incision or a weakness present from birth. Most hernias in children are congenital. In adults, a natural weakness or strain from heavy lifting, persistent coughing and difficulty with bowel movements or urination can cause the abdominal wall to weaken or separate.
Most hernias in children are congenital. In adults, hernias are often the result of a natural weakness or strain from heavy lifting, persistent coughing and difficulty with bowel movements or urination. The abdominal wall weakens or separates.
Symptoms of a hernia may include sharp pains and dull aches which increase throughout the day. Severe, continuous pain, redness, and tenderness are signs that the hernia is entrapped or strangulated and require immediate physician intervention.
Repair of a hernia with a mesh. In most cases, this can be done with minimally invasive key-hole surgery
Types of Hernia
- Inguinal Hernia
- Umbilical Hernia
- Femoral Hernia
- Epigastric Hernia
- Ventral Hernia
- Less common hernias like Spigelian Hernia
Different types of common abdominal hernias